25.1 C
Sunday, October 1, 2023
Home > Interview TipsJava Interview Questions and Answers For Freshers & experienced

Java Interview Questions and Answers For Freshers & experienced

Interviews, as someone correctly stated, are more uncomfortable than the course itself. Normally, we just wish we didn’t have to do the entire one-on-one session. Don’t worry; we’re here to relieve you of any stress you may be feeling while you prepare for your interview. We’ve put together an article that will help you nail your meeting like a pro. We’ll tell you about some of the most essential Java Interview Questions, and Answers in this mainly made Java Interview Questions blog, which will surely give you an advantage and set you apart in the interview process.

Every IT firm, large or little, requires a Java developer. Everything is influenced by Java. A career in Java is quite promising; persons working in this field have indicated that a fresher may expect to earn $50,000 per year on average. If you have experience, the salary hikes higher. So, whether you’re a fresher looking for your first job right out of college or are someone who has the experience and wants a change of work, this article has got you covered with Java interview questions and answers for freshers and Advanced Java Interview Questions for experienced professionals.

Java Interview Questions and Answers:

Java Interview Questions and Answers for freshers

1. What do you understand by the term Java, and what does it do?

This is the easiest Java interview question, you could say; Java is an object-oriented programming language designed to run on a variety of platforms and operating systems. Sun Microsystems created this programming language. Java is modelled after the C++ programming language and has unique features that make it ideal for Internet-based projects.

2. In JAVA, what is the notion of aggregation?

In JAVA, aggregation refers to a specific kind of association in which all objects have their life cycles. Still, there is ownership, and the child object cannot be related to another parent object in any way.

3. Is it feasible in Java to override a static or private method?

In Java, there is no way to override a private or static method. In certain circumstances, though, you might utilise the technique concealing approach.

4. What exactly do you mean when you say “association”?

The term “association” refers to a connection in which each of the class’s objects has its lifetime, and there is no single owner. These connections, also known as affiliations, might be one to one, one to many, many to one, or many to many.

5. What does the term “static” imply in Java?

  • No matter how many instances of a class there are, static means one per class, not one per object. This means you may utilise them without having to create a class instance.
  • Static methods are indirectly final since overriding is based on the object’s type, and static methods are applied to a class rather than an object.
  • If the unique method was not recognised as final, a static technique in a superclass might be followed by an alternate static method in a subclass.
  • A non-static approach, on the other hand, cannot overrule a static technique. To put it another way, you can’t change a static technique in a subclass’s illustration method.

6. Why is Java thought to be platform agnostic?

This is because the term “platform-independent” means “write once, run anywhere.” Java is known for its bytecodes, which may execute on any machine or device, regardless of the underlying operating system.

7. Why isn’t JAVA completely object-oriented?

Java is not entirely object-oriented because it uses eight data types that are not objects: boolean, char, byte, int, double, float, long, and short.

8. What are the different types of constructors in Java?

The function Object () { [native code] } is a word used in the Java framework to refer to a piece of code that is generally used to start an object. Its name should be the same as the name of its class.

9. In JAVA, how many different types of constructors are there?

In JAVA, there are two types of constructors:

  • Constructor by default
  • Constructor that is parameterized

10. What is a singleton class, and how can we make a class singleton?

A singleton class is one in which only one instance may be generated in a single JVM at any one moment. The operator of a class can be made private to make it a singleton.

11. What are the various Java class access specifiers?

For this Java interview question, you could say; In Java, access classifiers are the keywords that are used before a class name to relate to the access scope. The sorts of access classifiers listed below are critical and often asked Java Interview Questions.

  • A public field, method, or class may be accessed from anywhere.
  • Protected: Fields and methods are protected because they can only be accessed from the class to which they belong, from subclasses, and from the same package class, but not from outside.
  • Default: fields, methods, and classes can only be accessible from inside the same package and not outside the native package.
  • The property and function are private because they can only be accessed from the class to which they belong.

12. What’s the difference between a Subclass and an Inner Class?

This is a Core Java Interview Question; if you are a newbie, carefully read the solution. Within the other class, an inner class is nested. An inner class has access to all methods and variables specified in the outer class and the class that it is nesting. A subclass inherits from the superclass, which is a higher-level class. A subclass has access to all of its superclass’s protected and public fields and methods.

13. In Java, how will you create a random number?

Random numbers may be generated using Math.random() in the range more than or equal to 0.1 and less than 0.1 and the Random class in java.util package.

14. What exactly are Java Packages? What are the advantages and disadvantages of packages?

In Java, a package is a collection of interfaces and classes packed together because they are related to one another. The usage of packages allows developers to modularize their code and assemble it for re-use. After the code has been packaged, it may be imported and used in other classes.

15. Is it possible to designate a class as abstract even if it doesn’t have any abstract methods?

Yes, we may construct an abstract class by putting the abstract keyword before the class name, even if it doesn’t have any abstract methods. However, if a class has even one abstract method, it should be declared; otherwise, an error will occur.

16. Instead of passing a value, how will we provide an argument to a function via reference?

In Java, we can only send arguments to functions by value, not by reference.

17. When is serialisation meant to be used?

It’s one of the most commonly requested Core Java Interview Questions.

When data needs to be transferred over the network, serialisation is employed. The object’s state is transformed and stored into a byte stream via serialisation. The object is recreated at the destination while the byte stream is transmitted over the network.

18. In Java, how can an object be serialised?

The class in Java executes an interface called serialisation to convert an object into a byte stream. Almost all objects in a class that implements a serializable interface are serialised, and their state is saved in the byte stream.

19. Is there a way to bypass the finally exception block even if there is an exception in the exception block?

Manage passes to the catch block if this exists or to finally block if an exception is increased in the Try block. Finally, a block is constantly executed when an irregularity occurs, and the only option to avoid the execution of statements in the final block is to forcefully terminate the function by putting the following code line after the try block:
1 System.exit(0);

20. Will a class have numerous constructors?

Yes, a class has several constructors with different parameters. The function Object () {[native code]} used for object creation is determined by the arguments given during object formation.

21. Is it possible to override a class’s static methods?

Static methods, on the other hand, cannot be overridden. A static method belongs to a class, not to individual objects, and is resolved at compilation time. However, if we attempt to override it, we will not get a compilation error, nor will the overriding impact be reflected in the generated code.

22. In Java, can a string be a data type?

In Java, a string is not considered a primitive data type. A string has indeed been produced in Java. Lang. This is a String class object that is produced. Following the creation of a string object, all of the built-in String class methods are applied to the string object.

(While answering this java interview question try not to get confused.)

23. What is the dissimilarity between a vector and an array?

Vectors are believed to be dynamic in nature since they hold data of multiple data types, whereas arrays are static in nature because they aggregate data of a similar primitive kind.

24. Why are strings referred to as immutable in Java?

String objects are classified in Java as immutable because once a value is set to a string, it cannot be modified. When it is modified, a new object is produced.

25. Why is it necessary to use Break in each case of a Switch statement?

A break is supposed to be used after each case (save the last case) in a switch so that the code terminates after the valid case. It also does not flow in the ongoing instances.

When a break is not utilised after each case, all of the cases that follow the valid case are also implemented, resulting in incorrect results.

These were some of the Java Questions and Answers for freshers that can help you advance in your job. They’re the best java interview question and answers you can find on the internet. Best wishes!

Java Interview Questions for 3 years experience, for 5 years experience and more

The Java Interview questions for 3 years experience and Java interview questions for 5 years experience are more on the advanced side.

26. What exactly is a servlet?

A Java Servlet is a server-side technology that extends the capabilities of web servers by providing support for data persistence and dynamic response in a Java environment.

27. What exactly do you mean by Request Dispatcher?

In JAVA, the Requestdispatcher interface is used to forward the request to another resource, such as JSP, HTML, or another servlet in the same application.

In this interface, there are two methods defined:

  • forward void ()
  • include void ()

28. Is it possible to make a Java array volatile?

In Java, you may make an array volatile, but just for the scenario directed to an array, not for the full array. This implies that if one thread deviates the reference variable to point to the additional array, the volatile guarantee will be provided, but if many threads are changing distinct array items, the volatile assurance will not be provided.

29. In JAVA, how can you explain the idea of interfaces?

Because more indirections are required for interfaces, they perform more gently than abstract classes. Another important consideration for designers is that each class can only propagate one abstract class, despite the fact that a class can implement many interfaces. The use of lines also adds to the developer’s workload whenever an interface is performed in a class; the developer must contrive each and every interface approach.

30. What are some examples of volatile modifier usage in the real world?

One of the real-world applications of the volatile variable is to produce double and long atomic interpretations. Double and long are both 64-bit extensive and recited in two parts, the first of which is the main 32-bit and the second of which is secondary 32-bit, which is non-atomic, although volatile double and long-read are both atomic in Java. The volatile variable may also be used to offer a recall barrier, similar to how it is used in the Disruptor framework. Fundamentally, the Java Memory Model removes a write barrier after writing to a volatile variable and a read barrier before reading it. That is to say, if you write to a volatile field, any thread retrieving that variable will undoubtedly see the value you wrote, and everything you did before doing that correct into the thread will undoubtedly have occurred, as will any rationalised data values, because the memory barrier has flushed all the additional writes into the cache.

(For this advanced java interview question you can make your own example as well.)

31. Why does Java not support multiple inheritances?

  • The goal of the Java development team was to make Java as unpretentious, object-oriented, and familiar as possible.
  • Architecture that is both robust and secure, as well as impartial and transferable.
  • Exceptional performance
  • Threaded, vibrant, and well-understood
  • The reasons for neglecting Multiple Inheritance in the Java Language are frequently related to the simple, object-oriented, and well-known objective.

Read the following advanced java interview questions for more information about this topic.

32. Explain why a compile-time variable in Java is permanent. What are the dangers of using it?

Public static ultimate variables are likewise recognised as compile-time infinite variables; however, the public is not required. They’re replaced with definite values at build time since the compiler recognises their value upfront and recognises that it can’t be modified during runtime. One issue with this is that if you use public stationary as a final variable from a third-party library or an in-house library and its value changes, your client will continue to utilise the old value even after you arrange a new version of JARs. To avoid this, make sure your software is compiled when your elevation dependency JAR files are available.

33. What are the advantages of Interfaces over abstract classes in terms of performance?

Because more indirections are required for interfaces, they perform more gently than abstract classes. Another important consideration for designers is that each class can only propagate one abstract class, despite the fact that a class can implement many interfaces. The use of lines also adds to the developer’s workload whenever an interface is performed in a class; the developer must contrive each and every interface approach.

34. What does Singleton in Java mean when it comes to thread-safe code?

Please read the answer for a code example and step-by-step instructions on how to write thread-safe singleton code in Java. When we say thread-safe, we imply that Singleton should stay singleton even if low-level formatting occurs across several threads. One of the easiest methods to construct a thread-safe singleton in Java is to use the Java enum as Singleton class.
Explain wait-notify code in the context of a producer-consumer relationship.

Please read the response carefully for a code sample. Just remember to use the coordinated block to call the wait () and inform () techniques, and test waiting for illness on the loop instead of on the if block.

35. Is it possible for a volatile to convert a non-atomic process to an atomic one?

This is another great question I like to ask on volatility, usually as a follow-up to the previous one. This is a difficult issue to answer because volatile isn’t about atomicity, but there are times when you can use a volatile variable to make an operation atomic. Having a lengthy arena in your class is one example I’ve seen. You should make a long field volatile if it is fetched by more than one thread, such as an application, a value field, or everything. Why? Because reading to an extended variable in Java is not atomic and is done in two phases, if one thread is writing or apprising a lengthy value, the extra thread will most likely see half value (fist 32-bit). A volatile long or dual (64 bit) is atomic in terms of interpretation and writing.

(This is one of the most asked advanced java interview questions.)

36. Is it possible to declare a class Abstract even if it lacks an abstract method?

Yes, even if the class does not have any abstract methods, we may construct an abstract class using the abstract keyword before the class name. However, if a class contains even one abstract technique, it must be identified as such, or an error will occur.

37. What’s the difference between a Sub-Class and an Inner Class?

A class that is duplicated up to the extra class is called an inner class. A sub-class receives from another class known as Superclass and has access to all variables and systems specified in the outer class, whereas an inner class has access to the class that is nesting it and can contact all variables and systems described in the outer class. A subclass has access to all of its superclass’s public and protected approaches and fields.

38. What’s the difference between an Abstract Class and a Java Interface?

The primary distinction between an abstract class and an interface is that a boundary may only assert public static methods with no existing application, but an abstract class can be associated with any access specification (public, private, etc.) with or without actual implementation. Another important distinction in the use of abstract classes and lines is that a class that gears an interface must devise all of the interface’s approaches, but a class that receives from an abstract class does not need the execution of all of its superclass’s methods. Although a class can instrument several interfaces, it can only spread one abstract class.

(You could even use examples for this advanced java interview question.)

39. What does the term “platform” mean?

The hardware or software environment in which a programme runs is referred to as a platform. In JAVA, maximum platforms are a collection of operating systems and hardware, such as Windows 2000/XP, Linux, Windows 2000/XP, MacOS, and Solaris.

40. What does the term “thread-local variable” mean in Java?

Thread-local variables are specific to a thread; they’re similar to a thread’s private copy that isn’t shared across many threads. Thread Local is a Java class that manages thread-local variables. It’s one of several methods for achieving thread safety. However, use caution when employing locally changeable threads in a managed environment, such as network servers, where the operative thread outlives some application variables. A memory leak in a Java programme can be caused by a thread-local variable that is not removed once its job is over.


This core java interviews questions blog is a must-read before interviews. This comprehensive Java interview questions blog will assist you in dispelling any worries you may have regarding Java interview questions and assisting you in cracking the interview. These were some best Java interview questions for freshers as well as experienced professionals.


More Resources: Job vacancies in Chandigarh | Job vacancies in Hyderabad | Mock interview | Telephonic interview questions

- Advertisement -spot_img

More articles

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest article